The following is the list of entry and exit points for the foreigners entering into Nepal and departing from the country. Upon entry, the immigration officials stamps on your passports with the permit to enter and explore the Himalayan Kingdom. But before you leave the desk of the immigration official make sure to check the stamp and the date. Usually, the immigration offices at these entry and exit points are open 24 hours.
International Airport, Kathmandu
Kakarbhitta, Jhapa (Eastern)
Birgunj, Parsa (Central)
Kodari (Northern Border, Central)
Belhia, Bhairahawa (Rupandehi, Western)
Jamunaha, Nepalgunj (Banke, Mid-Western)
Mohana, Dhangadhi (Kailali, Far Western)
Gadda Chauki, Mahendranagar (Kanchanpur, Far Western)
Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is the only gateway to Kathmandu for the tourists who come by air. The Airport named after King Tribhuvan, the 8th Shah King of Nepal, is situated about 4.5 miles east of the city (about 25 minutes drive). TIA is also in between all the three major cities of Kathmandu Valley namely Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan. Facilities of a bank, duty-free shop, restaurants, and tourist information centre is available at TIA.
Kakarbhitta, Jhapa is about 15-17 hours drive and 610 kilometres away from Kathmandu. This is a small town on the border between Nepal and India and foreigners can use this to cross the border. There are many hotels and lodges around the area to accommodate the tourists at moderate prices. Tourists can commute to Kathmandu or any other cities either by bus or air. The closest airport is at Bhadrapur, about 25km southwest of Kakarbhitta and it takes about 3 and half hours to land in Kathmandu domestic airport by flight.
Birgunj is the main entry point to Nepal for Indian tourists especially coming from Calcutta and Patna. Birgunj which is about 210 kilometres away from Kathmandu is also an important entry point for foreign goods to Nepal. Lots of tourists enjoy sightseeing in this flat land and low altitude city as well as the accommodation of varied choices. Birgunj has a railway to Raxaul. The nearest airport is in Simara which is about 20 km from Birgunj and it takes about 20 minutes to reach Kathmandu by air.
Kodari, about 6/7 hours drive from Kathmandu lies on the Nepal-China border. This border is still regarded as an important trading centre between Nepal and Tibet. Apart from all this, Kodari is very famous for its magnificent rivers gorges and splendid scenes of mountains. The very famous hot water spring of Nepal called Tatopani is also very close to Kodari. There are quite a few places to lodge in this area and regular buses are available to commute to Kathmandu.
Belhia, Bhairahawa which is also known as Siddharthanagar is about 8-9 hours drive and 280 kilometres away from Kathmandu. This city being close to the border of India is another important city in Nepal from the import and export business aspect. Bhairahawa is also the gateway to Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha. This place is also quite popular for shopping for Chinese goods. It takes about 30 minutes to reach Kathmandu from Bhairahawa via plane and other local bus services are also available to travel to and from Kathmandu.
Jamunaha, Nepalgunj is about 12-13 hours drive and 530 kilometres away from Kathmandu. There is direct flights between Kathmandu and Nepalgunj every day and the buses are also easily available. Nepalgunj is also one of the major trading centres of Nepal and it lies near the Indian border and well connected to all major Indian cities by road and railways.
Mohana, Dhangadhi which lies in the far western region of Nepal is about 660 kilometres away from Kathmandu. Although this place does not have much to offer, it is used as an entry and exit point to and from Kathmandu mostly by the Indian tourists as the capital of India, New Delhi is just about 6 hours drive. Dhangadhi is also facilitated by a decent stay in places at fairly cheap prices. 91/21205) is in the bazaar.
Gadda Chauki, Mahendranagar is a small town that lies in the far western region of Nepal. It is about 18-19 hours drive and 695 kilometres away from Kathmandu. There are some good hotels and lodges for accommodation. A visit to Royal Bardia National Park can be arranged while in Mahendranagar.